如何备考MBA

联考英语中,这些常见词你都认识吗?

阅读理解是联考英语的重头戏,如何做好阅读理解题?今天,小编为大家分享英语阅读中,那些必须掌握的词汇 

主要可分为三大类:功能性词汇、态度观点信号词、逻辑信号词。今天先讲讲态度观点信号词和逻辑信号词。



一、态度观点信号词


(1) 论点,表示“认为,相信”:

argue, argument, believe, suppose, think

be convinced that, hold the belief that, have a notion that, view…as, regard….as, see…as, consider….to be

reckon ['rek(ə)n]

vt. 测算,估计;认为;计算

vi. 估计;计算;猜想,料想

We reckon him to be the best goalkeeper in the world.

我们认为他是世界上最好的足球守门员。

(2) 论据,表示“举例”:

for example, for instance, take… as an example, like, such as

specifically [spɪ'sɪfɪkəlɪ]

adv.具体地,明确地

Specifically, you need to create an instance variable for each dynamic component that youdefined on the view. 

具体地,您需要为您在视图上定义的每一个动态组件创建一个实例变量。

(3) 表示“调查,研究”:

investigation, inquiry,  research, study, survey, report, questionnaire, measurement report, measurement 

(4) 表示“得出结论”:

conclude that … , come to a conclusion that …., draw a conclusion that …

(5) 表示“预测”:

forecast, foretell, foresee, predict

(6) 表示“赞同”:

agree, approve, consent to

(7) 表示“反对”:

against, disagree, disapprove, object to, be opposed to

dissent [dɪ'sent]

vi. 不同意;不信奉国教

n. 异议;(大写)不信奉国教

concur dissent 同意

(8) 表示“事实”:

belief, fact, reality, truth

(9) 表示“理论,设想”:

theory

assumption [ə'sʌm(p)ʃ(ə)n]

n. 假定;设想;担任;采取

The assumption that all tests should be trivial and quick. 

人们总是设想所有的测试应该短小快速。

hypothesis [haɪ'pɒθɪsɪs]

n. 假设

These are arguments in favor of this hypothesis.

这些就是支持这个假设的论据。

(10) 表示“目的”:

to do, aim at, for the sake of, for, serve as, in favor of, for the purpose of, intend to do

(11) 常见专家头衔:

[专家] expert, specialist

[顾问] consultant  

[教授] professor 

[副教授] associate professor 

[社会学家] sociologist 

[语言学家] linguist

[经济学家] economist

[心理学家] psychologist 

[行为学家] behaviorist 

[哲学家] philosopher

[人类学家] anthropologist 

[考古学家] archaeologist 



二、逻辑信号词


(1) 表示原因:

Because, since , as , for

because of , thanks to , owing to , due to , as a result of ,by/in virtue of

(2) 表示结果:

so(that), accordingly[因此], as a result, consequently, for this(that) reason, hence, therefore

(3) 表示因果:

A  account for / be responsible for  B

A cause / lead to / result in / bring about / bring on / trigger /give rise to  B

(4) 表示转折:

但是,然而:but , however;  yet , nevertheless, whereas

尽管,虽然(后接句子):although , though, even though , while , not with standing

尽管,虽然(后接词组):despite; in spite of

相反:conversely,on the contrary

另一方面:on the other hand

(5) 表示比较:

by comparison, in contrast (相比之下), in the same way, similarly

(6) 表示递进:

also, besides, furthermore, in addition, in particular(特别地), more importantly, moreover, what’s more

(7) 表示概括:

in brief, in conclusion, in short, in a word, in sum, to sum up, on the whole, to conclude

(8) 表示并列:

and , or , at the same time, meanwhile , as well as

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